The Kathmandu Valley Day Tour is a one day tour to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of the Kathmandu Valley: Pashupatinath, Boudha Nath Stupa, Swayambhu Nath Stupa and the Kathmandu Durbar Square. These sites showcase centuries-old culture and architecture, highlighting both religious and cultural aspects of Nepalese people. Therefore, for the connoisseur of art and culture this single day guided sightseeing tour is considered as a feast to their eyes. All of these areas can be visited any time of the year. The standard package designed by Amigo Treks and Expedition also includes full board meal, and English speaking licensed guide and a free map. Moreover, this is a customizable package and can be customized to the needs and requirements of the clients. For this, kindly read the following information and make an informed decision.
Pashupatinath Temple: Located on the bank of a holy Bagmati River, Pashupatinath Temple (dedicated to Lord Shiva) is one of the biggest Hindu temples in the world. The name Pashupatinath: Pashu (Animal), Pati (Lord), Nath (Master), is one of the master names of the Lord Shiva out of his 1008 names. The temple is a pure symbol of diving protector of Nepal, Hindu religion, culture, tradition and philosophy and is protected by UNESCO as a world heritage site.
Built during the 5th century, the temple was destroyed during the religious war in the 14th century by the Muslim King of West Bengal. The temple was then renovated with gold on 17th century. The first and the second roof of this 23.6m long pagoda style temple is made of bronze and plated with gold. The gold pinnacle (Gajur), which is a symbol of thought, was offered by in the 17th century itself. Inside the temple there is an idol of one meter long Shiva Lingam made of sharp black stone, carved with four different faces facing four directions symbolizing creation, protection, destruction and recreation.
Only Hindus are allowed to enter the main temple. Others can view the temple from three different directions – west, north and east. The West view presents the view of 9m long 1.5m tall bull made of 100 kilograms of gold, established in the 18th century. The North view presents the view of the weapons of Lord Shiva especially Trisul (Trident). The east view presents the panoramic view of the temple.
Other attractions Mother Teresa Charitable Trust (Elderly home) in which there are 5 Temples designed in Rajasthani style in the 18th century, 11 queen temple made up of historical and ancient rocks from the mountains above 5330m, Shadhus, Deer Park, Gorakhnath Temple (9th century), Vishwarup Temple (18th century), Rama Temple, Laxmi-Narayan temple (8th century), Raja Rajeshwori Temple and Parvati Temple. The most important attraction of this area is the cremation ceremony. Hindu people highly believed that the people cremated in the premise of Pashupatinath attain Nirvana. Pashupatinath is one of the great Shiva sites of the Indian subcontinent and is a must-visit site in the Kathmandu valley.
Boudha Nath Stupa:
Boudha Nath Stupa is another major attraction of the Valley. A Stupa is a tangible symbol of the Buddha’s enlightened mind. This Boudha Nath Stupa is among the largest stupas in the world. Set atop a triple-terraced pedestal, the Stupa rises 36m meters above the street and its form replicates a Mandala. Each portion of the structure has a symbolic significance. The base, dome, square harmika, spire and pinnacle represent the five elements: earth, water, air, fire and ether. The spire’s 13 tires stand for the stages to enlightenment and the umbrella on the top symbolizes royalty. The eyes painted onto the square harmika represent the eyes of the Adi Buddha and the guardians of the four directions. Most people believe that the Stupa was constructed in the 5th century; however, the origins remain obscure.
Boudha Nath Stupa is a magnet that draws a cross-section of Himalayan pilgrims from Tibet, Ladakh, Bhutan and the Bhotias of remote Nepali regions like Mugu and Dolpo. It’s a great place to study the diversity of a living Buddhist community. During the full moon night of January-February, the silver Ajima idol is paraded in a palanquin and hundreds of butter lamps illuminate the stupa, Lhosar or the Tibetan New Year is celebrated and Cham dances are performed in February-March in local monasteries, Tamang Jatra is celebrated during the full moon of March-April and Buddha Jayanti is celebrated on the full moon of April-May. Visiting Boudha Nath Stupa during these times of the year gives you the opportunity to be a part of these festivals and get a deep insight on the cultural practices of Buddhist people.
Other attractions apart from the Stupa include Ajima Shrine, Guru Rinpoche Shrine, Gelug Gompa, Kargyu Gompa, and Shakya Gompa. Therefore, this site in the Kathmandu Valley presents opportunity to understand the Buddhist religion, culture, lifestyle, architecture and the cultural practices of the people. This site is also protected by UNESCO as a world heritage site. So, the site is a must-visit site in Kathmandu.
Swayambhu Nath Stupa
Swayambhu Nath Stupa, also commonly known as the monkey temple is another holy shrine of Buddhist people that lies on top of the hill 2 km west of the Kathmandu city. Swayambhu means “Self-Created”. According to the historical records found in stone inscriptions, the site has been a holy site for Buddhist pilgrimage since at least the 5th century. This shrine in the valley is considered as equal as the Hindu shrine ‘Pashupatinath’ and is protected by UNESCO as a world heritage site.
The Newar Buddhists of Kathmandu are the most ardent devotees, who come here for festivals like Buddha Jayanti and other personal rituals conducted by the family priests. The Stupa was destroyed during the brief Muslim invasion of 1349 and severe earthquake, which was later repaired.
The site has two entry points: the east point that requires climbing a long stair with 365 steps and the south-west point that can be easily reached in a small four or two wheeler. You will be greeted with a giant prayer wheel enshrined in a small room as soon as you pass the main gate. Up the hill is a more recent trio of Buddha. The top greets the visitors with a gigantic gilt Vajra, resting on an embossed Mandala, five directional Buddha – the Pancha Buddha – attached directly to the Stupa’s dome, a small museum with a collection of stone sculptures discovered around Swayambhu, 9th century sculpture of standing Buddha, Tibetan Gompa housing an enormous image of Shakyamuni and a large statue of the 16th Gyalwa Karmapa and a beautiful view of the Kathmandu city. Swayambhu Nath Stupa is open throughout the year for both Buddhist and non-Buddhist people around the world. This site is a great combination of art, culture and religion; therefore, it is one of the must-visit sites in the Kathmandu Valley.
Kathmandu Durbar Square:
Situated in the heart of the city, the Kathmandu Durbar Square (Old Royal Palace) is also commonly known as the Hanuman Dhoka Palace Square. The site holds the palaces of the Malla and Shah Kings, who ruled the city before moving to the Narayanhiti Palace. Even till this date important royal events like the King’s coronation are held at this place. The entire Durbar Square area presents the masterpiece of architecture. Therefore, people come here to enjoy the architecture of and the craftsmanship of Newars over several centuries.
Several rulers in the past centuries have had their share of contribution in creating the present Durbar Square. The Taleju Temple was built in the 15th century, Bhagavati Temple was constructed in the 18th century, the oldest temples like Jagannath, Kotilingeswara Mahadev, Mahendreswara was built in the 15th century, Krishna Temple, Nautale and Bashantapur Chok was built during the Shah regime, the Gaddi Durbar was built during the Rana regime.
The entire area presents the glimpses of Mugal, European and Pagoda style architectural designs. Intricate wood carving depicting gods and goddesses is also one of the major attractions of the area. The temples are preserved as the world heritage sites and certain parts of the palaces are open for tourists as well as the local people as King Tribhuvan Memorial Museum and the Mahendra Museum. The area is also famous as an abode of the living goddess “Kumari”.
The area is protected by UNESCO as the world heritage site and is a must-visit site for the aficionado of art, architecture and culture. Enjoy!Note: Minimum 2 Pax Required
|Trip Length||1 Day|
|Group Size||2-10 Pax|
|Best Month||All day of the Year|
|Transportation||Private Car & Bus|
|Meal||Breakfast and Full board meals|
|Trip Route||Kathmandu Valley|
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